2019-11-08 20:53:34·来源:聚焦中文网

古玩行2019精品推荐第11期:大清银币 宣统三年

曲须龙--清代机铸币中龙。因龙须稍短而弯曲而得名,与长须龙对举。宣统三年清朝银币是从1911年开始铸造的,铸造了多个版别,但由于种种原因,只有“曲须龙”版别的宣统三年清朝银币正式铸造并流通,其他版别的就属于试铸样币,未曾流通使用,因此民间见到的宣统三年清朝银币为数不多“曲须龙”的版别。

Quxulong the dragon in the Qing Dynasty. It's named for its short and curved beard. It's lifted against the long beard dragon. The silver coins of the Qing Dynasty in the third year of Xuantong began to be minted in 1911, and many types of silver coins were minted. However, due to various reasons, only the silver coins of the three years of Xuantong in the "quxulong" version were officially minted and circulated, and the other types belonged to the trial minted sample coins, which had not been used in circulation. Therefore, the silver coins of the three years of Xuantong in the Qing Dynasty seen by the people were not many types of "quxulong".

 

【名称】:大清银币宣统三年曲须龙壹元银币

[name]: silver coin of Qing Dynasty

【类别】:杂项

Category: Miscellaneous

俗语云:“盛世收藏乱世金”。当前,我国艺术品市场、古玩市场、收藏市场空前繁荣,引发了一股收藏热,人们开始大规模地涉足艺术品收藏、投资。我国民间收藏市场持续火爆,明显呈现了国内愈见庞大的收藏队伍和“盛世收藏”的蓬勃发展趋势。现为广大古玩投资者及爱好者们提供了一个新去处。

As the saying goes, "gold in troubled times is collected in prosperous times". At present, China's art market, antiques market and collection market are flourishing unprecedentedly, which has triggered a collection fever. People began to set foot in art collection and investment on a large scale. China's folk collection market continues to be hot, obviously showing the growing domestic collection team and the vigorous development trend of "prosperous collection". Now for the majority of antique investors and fans to provide a new place.

 

清宣统二年(1910年),清政府将铸币权统一于中央,规定以圆(元)为单位,每元重七钱二分,定名为“大清银币”;宣统三年(公元1911年)又重新制模,试制大清银币,主币的蟠龙图案版别很多,计有长须龙、短须龙、大尾龙、反龙、曲须龙及签字版等版别。清政府为整治各地分散铸币而引起的币制混乱,便致力于币制的整顿与改革。除明定铸币权统一归中央外,还详细制定了铸币的样式、单位、分量和成色。“曲须龙”银币即为其中成员之一。此系列币,体制完备,制作精美,实属中国货币史上之空前。这币种被称为“国币”,藏界称之为“大清宣三”。“曲须龙”的字面和龙面,均为乔治亲自设计及敲定,他的签名也在签字版上两面都出现过。

In the second year of Xuantong (1910), the Qing government unified the right of coinage in the central government. It was stipulated that the unit was yuan (yuan), which weighed seven yuan and two cents per yuan. It was named as "Qing silver coin"; in the third year of Xuantong (1911), the model was made again, and the trial production of Qing silver coins was carried out. There were many types of Panlong designs, including long, short, tail, anti, quxulong and signature plates. In order to rectify the confusion of currency system caused by scattered coinage, the Qing government devoted itself to the rectification and reform of currency system. In addition to the unification of the Ming Dynasty's fixed coinage right to the central government, the style, unit, weight and quality of the coinage were also formulated in detail. The silver coin "quxulong" is one of its members. This series of coins, with complete system and exquisite production, is unprecedented in the history of Chinese currency. This currency is called "national currency" and "Xuansan" in Tibet. Both the literal and longmian of "quxulong" were designed and finalized by George himself, and his signature appeared on both sides of the signature plate.

 

此件藏品大清银币宣统三年银币的正面分为内圈和外圈两大部分,内圈刻有“大清银币”四个大字,外圈则是用楷体字和满文分别镌刻着“宣统三年”四个小字,币种一看就属于高档的银币,细节处精美完整,设计工整,线条流畅,刻模深峻,特别引人注目。再看钱币的反面,外圈底部印有英文版的“ONE DOLLAR”小字,内圈则是蟠龙沿边缘自左向右腾云而起,龙头居上,龙珠在“圆”字下方,龙眼凹突,鼻梁俏上,胡须较短且弯曲,祥云相伴,雕刻栩栩如生,威风凛凛。中间雕刻着“壹圆”两个大字,既说明了钱币当时的市值又较好地展现出封建社会下,不一样的皇家风采。

The obverse of this collection is divided into two parts: inner ring and outer ring. The inner ring is engraved with four big characters of "big Qing silver coin", while the outer ring is engraved with four small characters of "three years of Xuantong" in regular script and Manchu respectively. At first sight, the currency belongs to high-grade silver coin. The details are exquisite and complete, the design is neat, the lines are smooth, and the die is deep and precipitous, which is particularly striking. On the reverse side of the coin, the English version of "one dollar" is printed on the bottom of the outer ring, while the inner ring is a dragon flying from left to right along the edge. The dragon head is on the top, the dragon ball is under the word "round", the dragon eye is concave and protruding, the bridge of the nose is pretty, the beard is short and curved, accompanied by auspicious clouds, and the carving is lifelike and majestic. The two characters of "one yuan" engraved in the middle not only show the market value of the coins at that time, but also show the different royal style in the feudal society.

 

大清银币有着前史熏陶,是价值很高的革新文物,具有深远的前史留念意义;一同仍是考古和研究中国前史文明可贵的什物。一枚小小的古钱币,蕴藏着丰厚的前史元素。如今遗传在世的精品古钱币尽管并不多,可是每枚精品古币价值却是不菲,值得入手珍藏!

The silver coins of the Qing Dynasty, with the influence of the former history, are of high value as innovative cultural relics, with profound significance as a souvenir of the former history. A small ancient coin contains rich prehistoric elements. Nowadays, although there are not many fine ancient coins inherited in the world, the value of each fine ancient coin is not poor, which is worth collecting!

 

 

 

 

 

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